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TRA2130 Language Studies for Translation: Home

Course Description

This course introduces students to the systematic study of the phonetics and phonology of the English language. We will learn about the human speech apparatus in detail, and the mechanisms that are involved in speech sound production. The focus is on the sound inventory and the basic phonological patterning of English. We will learn how English sounds are made, and develop a set of rules by which sounds are combined into syllables and syllables into even larger units, such as feet. We will learn some of the common sound changes of English and ways to analyze such changes. The course teaches basic conceptual tools that will allow students to analyze the sound system of English, and indeed the sound system of any language. Although the course emphasizes standard English, we will also examine the sounds of other varieties of English, including Hong Kong English and Singapore English.

Recommended Books

An Introduction to Language

This book serves for students major in both linguistics and teaching English as a second language, foreign language studies, general education, the cognitive and neurosciences, psychology, sociology, anthropology, etc. There are 12 chapters in this book, covering the general study of language; the study of grammar with morphology, the notions of constituency, syntactic categories, phrase structure trees, structural ambiguity, the infinite scope of language, and the X-bar grammatical patterns; semantics and pragmatics; phonetics; phonology; sociolinguistic study of language; language change; language acquisition; psychology of language and the neurology of language; fundamentals of computational linguistics, and writing.

Syntax: A Generative Introduction

This is an introductory textbook on syntactic theory. It takes the students through most of the major issues in Principles and Parameters, from tree drawing to constraints on movement. Distinguished from other syntax textbooks, this book uses many Irish examples, and a supplementary discussion of alternative theoretical approaches like Lexical Functional Grammar (LFG) or Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar (HPSG). This textbook is organized into 4 parts. Part 1 presents preliminaries such as generative grammar, structural relations. Part 2 discusses the base such as the X-bar theory, functional categories. Part 3 discusses movement such as Head-to-Head Movement, DP movement. Part 4 elaborates on advanced topics such as expanded VPs, ellipsis.

Analysing Sentences: An Introduction to English Syntax

This book is concerned with English syntax. This book introduces practical analysis of English sentences rather than linguistic theory. There are 11 chapters altogether. Chapters 1 to 2 introduce general ideas relevant to the analysis of sentences while simultaneously beginning the analysis itself. Chapters 4 to 5 give an overview of the simple sentence. Chapters 6 to 7 elaborates on details of the structure of simple sentences. Chapters 8 to 10 deal with different kinds of subordinate clause in the complex sentence. Chapter 11 discusses the background to and purpose of the kind of analysis presented in Chapters 1 to 10.

Understanding Syntax

This book is an introduction to the major concepts and categories associated with the syntax. Starting with an overview of what syntax is, the book moves on to an explanation of word classes and then to a discussion of sentence structure in the world’s languages. Grammatical constructions and relationships between words in a clause are explained and thoroughly illustrated. The final chapter explains and illustrates the principles involved in writing a brief syntactic sketch of a language. Data from approximately 100 languages appears in the text, with languages representing widely differing geographical areas and distinct language families.

Recommended Databases