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What role have women played in the history of modern China? What is the relationship between women and men in China since the late Qing dynasty and how does that affect our interpretations of China’ long twentieth Century? This course examines modern and contemporary Chinese history through the lens of women and gender. The history of modern China was a political history written by reformers, revolutionists and left-wing intellectuals; a cultural history of booming publishing houses and education institutions; a social history of professionals, workers, beggars and refugees. While men were the leaders throughout, women were also an important part. Examining women in history of twentieth-century China is thus another perspective to view general political and social change as well as everyday life of ordinary people in Chinese society. The course will introduce students to historical periods central to women in different classes, area and marital status. The discussion of primary sources, such as newspapers, magazines, memoirs, photographs and posters will allow participants to gain familiarity with different kinds of primary sources including printed and oral, textual and visual, and with the theories and methodologies relevant to studying this history.