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This survey course examines the context and production of modern Chinese literature (1917-1949) as well as its contribution to the shaping of modern China. We study the genres of fiction, poetry, prose and drama and focus on the masterpieces by Lu Xun, Shen Congwen, Mao Dun, Xu Zhimo, Lao She, Eileen Zhang, etc. We also pay attention to literary communities or literary schools like Wenxue Yanjiu Hui (“Literary Research Association”), Chuangzao She (“Creation Society”), Zuoyi Zuojia Lianmeng (League of Left-Wing Writers), Xinyue Pai (“Crescent Moon Society”), Jing Pai (“Beijing School”), and Hai Pai (“Shanghai School”). The purpose of this course is to guide students to grasp the development, styles and historical background of modern Chinese literature and enhance their abilities of literary appreciation and critical thinking.